Amazon Biodiversity, Pacayacu, Ecuador. This photo was produced as part of the interdisciplinary project Monoil, based on a close collaboration between France and Ecuador, whose objective is to improve understanding, monitoring, reduction and prevention of oil contamination and pollution. their impacts. Indeed, the poorly controlled development of oil activities since the end of the 1960s has had strong environmental, health and social impacts in Ecuador. In particular, researchers assess environmental contamination, the consequences for the socio-economic development of the territories concerned and the vulnerabilities and societal provisions to address them.